Background information on civil war

Civil War was a war of attrition. The Confederate forces, when not defending their own territory, were constantly trying to move the fighting out of the South. Virginia provided a permeable border into Maryland which was a Union state, but also a slave state , which the South thought it could gain influence in. They believed that this would move the war into Northern territory and end the war. General Sherman's scorched earth policy proved instrumental in the downfall of the Confederacy. Why was scorched earth so effective? Think about attrition The South was already reeling from its loss of resources due to the Union blockade, so the razing of Southern towns and manufacturing centers by Sherman left the South with no available means with which to fight the war.

Confederate States of America, states which broke from the United States to form a new government during the Civil War. Civil War. Also called First Manassas. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Jessica Shea, National Geographic Society. Johnston, Robert D. Washington D. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service.

If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection natgeo. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please visit our FAQ page. General Meade's headquarters. Culpeper, Va. Edmund C. Bainbridge's Battery A, 1st U. Artillery, at the seige of Port Hudson, La. Palisades and chevaux-de-frise in front of the Potter House, Atlanta, Ga. Peachtree Street with wagon traffic, Atlanta, Ga.

Street scene showing Sutlers Row, Chattanooga, Tenn. Fort Morgan, Mobile Point, Ala. Union entrenchments near Kenesaw Mountain, Ga.

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Nashville, Tenn. The "Pulpit" after capture, Fort Fisher, N. Harpers Ferry, W Va. High-angle view showing the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers. McLean house where General Lee surrendered. Appomattox Court House, Va.

Ruins seen from the Circular Church, Charleston, S. Ruins seen from the capitol, Columbia, S. Soldiers in the trenches before battle, Petersburg, Va. National Archives Identifier Civil War historians and photo-historians have uncovered documentary evidence suggesting that this image of Union forces was taken by Andrew J. Russell just before the Second Battle of Fredericksburg in the spring of For more information, please see the item in the National Archives Catalog.

High-angle view toward the capitol , Ruins in front of the Capitol, Silhouette of ruins of Haxall's mills, , showing some of the destruction caused by a Confederate attempt to burn Richmond. The U.

American Civil War Background

Capitol under construction, Fort Massachusetts, sally port and soldiers, The fort was renamed Fort Stevens in General view of 96th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment during drill at Camp Northumberland, with the camp in the background, Barricades on Duke Street, Alexandria, Va. Photographed by William R. Artwork by James E. Taylor, July 1, General view of the city from the south toward the Treasury Building and the White House. Cows are grazing near Tiber Creek. Smithsonian Institution Building in a field of daisies.

Brown, John ; bust-length. Engraving from daguerreotype, ca.

A Brief Overview of the American Civil War | American Battlefield Trust

Douglass, Frederick ; half-length. Garrison, William Lloyd ; three-quarter-length, seated. Greeley, Horace ; half-length, seated. Brady, Mathew B. Brumidi, Constantino , artist who painted murals and frescoes in the Capitol; three-quarter-length, standing, holding brush and palette. Whitman, Walt , poet; half-length, seated, wearing hat. Beauregard, Gen. Pierre ; half-length. Breckenridge, Lt. John C. Gordon, Maj. John B. Hill, Lt. Ambrose P. Hood, Gen. Jackson, Lt. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" ; bust-length, April Photographed by George W Minnes.

Johnston, Gen. Joseph E. Lee, Gen. Robert E. Longstreet, Lt. James ; half-length, in civilian clothes. Mahone, Maj. William ; half-length, seated.

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Mosby, Col. John Singleton ; bust-length. Stuart, Brig. James Ewell Brown "Jeb" ; three-quarter-length, seated. Benjamin, Judah P. Davis, Jefferson , President; three-quarter-length, standing.

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Brady before the war. Mallory, Stephen R.